Luis Inacio Lula da Silva declared victory in Brazil’s presidential election, defeating incumbent right-wing leader Jair Bolsonaro by less than two percent, and launched a campaign to return to left-wing rule in Latin America’s largest country. I prepared the foundation.
Sunday’s tight result completes dramatic comeback LulaHe served two terms as president from 2003 to 2010, after which he was accused of corruption. He served time in prison for corruption before his conviction was reversed.
“From January 2023, I will rule not only for those who voted for me, but for the 215 million people of Brazil. We are one people, one country, one great country. ‘,” the 77-year-old politician said after his victory in a speech highlighting the importance of democracy and giving Brazilians a life of dignity.
“We don’t want to fight anymore. We are tired of seeing our opponents as enemies,” he added.
Mr Bolsonaro had not yet conceded by Monday morning, and most of his close ideological allies had also remained silent on social media.
Lula’s victory follows a bitter campaign marred by fake news and violence in a polarizing atmosphere, leading to concerns of post-election conflict.
After a tense vote, supporters former metal worker Hailing from the impoverished northeastern part of Brazil, he attended the celebration, shouting his name, honking his horn and setting off fireworks from his apartment window.
His victory capped off a long campaign that ended four years of conservative populism under Bolsonaro.This is the latest in a series of races that have sown the incumbents throughout Latin Americamainly returns left-wing leaders.
“This is the most important election I have participated in,” said spokeswoman Brenda Santos Cunha, who was celebrating on Paulista Avenue, the main thoroughfare through São Paulo. “The last few years have been savage and insane. I don’t see the Lula government as revolutionary, but I hope it offers a little bit of hope, a moment to breathe.”
Lula received 50.9% of the votes while Bolsonaro received 49.1% of the 3-hour cliffhanger count. In total, the Left got 60.3 million votes for him, just over 2 million more for him than his rivals. He took office on January 1, facing big challenges To unify a deeply divided nation.
In the run-up to the vote, Bolsonaro insisted Brazil‘s electronic voting machines were vulnerable to fraud, and opponents feared he was preparing a valid reason to reject a losing outcome.
He recently claimed that a ruling from the country’s electoral court had harmed his campaign.
“It’s time to disarm the passion and reach out to the opposition,” said House Speaker Arthur Lira, one of Bolsonaro’s few supporters. He added: “Everything that will be done has the principle of bringing peace to the country and quality of life for the Brazilian people.”
Political scientist Tatiana Chicarino said the challenge for Lula is “how to deal with some of the voters who voted for Bolsonaro, especially his radical base.”
During the course of the campaign, Lula focused on the risks to democracy from Bolsonaro’s far-right movement, framing the election as a choice between “democracy and fascism, democracy and barbarism.”
He also took aim at the country’s high levels of poverty and hunger, saying the estimate that 30 million Brazilians suffer from food insecurity was “unacceptable.”
Lula pledged to abolish constitutional spending caps to allow governments to spend more on social projects and infrastructure. He has provided few details on broader economic issues, and his rhetoric has unsettled some investors.
On the environment, he pledged to end illegal deforestation in the Amazon after the destruction of the planet’s largest rainforest soared under the Bolsonaro regime.
“[Lula] Bolsonaro and his group will take over the country after trying to dismantle most of the public policies that were in place,” said Maria do Socorro Braga, a political scientist at the Federal University of San Carlos. “He will have to work to bring the country to democratic stability and reduce social inequality.”
After three unsuccessful attempts, Lula was first elected president in 2003, serving two terms during a whirlwind period of commodity-fueled growth.
He has earned international acclaim for reducing poverty in one of the world’s most unequal countries.
However, his reputation lava jato A corruption scandal that rocked Brazil’s business and political system while the economy plunged into deep recession under his chosen successor, Dilma Rousseff.
Lula served almost two years in prison before his corruption charges were dropped by the Supreme Court. He has always claimed the investigation was a political witch hunt.
Lula’s agenda is likely to face obstacles in a broadly right-leaning parliament. It shows what is going on,” said Mario Marconini, Managing Director of Teneo.
US President Joe Biden and French President Emmanuel Macron were among the first world leaders to congratulate Lula. He said Lula’s victory would “open a new page in Brazil’s history”.